What is high blood pressure?
Arteries are like hoses that carry blood from your heart to the rest of your body. If you put a crimp in a hose, pressure builds up inside it. High blood pressure (also called hypertension) occurs when your blood moves through your arteries at a higher pressure than normal.
What do the numbers mean?
Blood pressure is really two measurements, separated by a slash when written, such as 120/80. You may also hear someone say a blood pressure is “120 over 80.”
The first number is the systolic blood pressure. This is the peak blood pressure when your heart is squeezing blood out. The second number is the diastolic blood pressure. It’s the pressure when your heart is filling with blood–relaxing between beats.
A normal blood pressure is less than 120/80. High blood pressure is 140/90 or higher. If your blood pressure is between 120/80 and 140/90, you have what is called “prehypertension,” which means that if you don’t take important steps, your blood pressure can turn into high blood pressure.
Cause of Blood Pressure
Due to the excess common salt in cerebrospinal fluid or may be due to tension, the tiny hair like cells in the valve of outlet get stiff and hamper the proper flow of cerebrospinal fluid into nervous system. So the pressure increases in third verticle causing what is known as Blood Presure.
How is high blood pressure diagnosed?
Blood pressure is measured by placing a blood pressure cuff around your arm, inflating the cuff and listening for the flow of blood. Your doctor will measure your blood pressure at more than one visit to see if you have high blood pressure.
How often should I have my blood pressure checked?
After age 18, have your blood pressure checked at least once every 2 years. Do it more often if you have had high blood pressure in the past.
What problems does high blood pressure cause?
Both high blood pressure and prehypertension damage your blood vessels. This in turn raises your risk of stroke, kidney failure, heart disease and heart attack.
How is it treated?
Treatment begins with changes you can make to your lifestyle to help lower your blood pressure and reduce your risk of heart disease. If these changes don’t work, you may also need to take medicine.
Even if you need to take medicine, making some changes in your lifestyle can help reduce the amount of medicine you must take.
- Don’t smoke cigarettes or use any tobacco product.
- Lose weight if you’re overweight.
- Exercise regularly.
- Eat a healthy diet that includes lots of fruits and vegetables and is low in fat.
- Limit your sodium, alcohol and caffeine intake.
- Try relaxation techniques or biofeedback.
Is sodium really off limits?
Not everyone is affected by sodium, but sodium can increase blood pressure in some people. Most Americans with healthy blood pressure should limit the sodium in their diet to 2,300 mg per day. African Americans, older Americans and people with high blood pressure should limit the sodium in their diet to 1,500 mg per day. Your doctor may tell you to limit your sodium even more.
Don’t add salt to your food. Check food labels for sodium. While some foods obviously have a lot of sodium, such as potato chips, you may not realize how much sodium is in food like bread, canned vegetables, soups and cheese. Also be aware that some medicines contain sodium.
Do I need to quit drinking alcohol altogether?
In some people, alcohol causes blood pressure to rise quite a lot. In other people, it doesn’t. If you drink alcohol, limit it to no more than 1 drink per day for women or 2 drinks per day for men. One drink is a can of beer, a glass of wine (4-5 oz.), or 1 shot (jigger) of liquor. If your blood pressure increases with alcohol, it’s best not to drink any alcohol.
Does stress affect my blood pressure?
Stress may affect blood pressure. To help combat the effects of stress, try relaxation techniques or biofeedback. These things work best when used at least once a day. Ask your family doctor for advice.
What about medicine?
Many different types of medicine can be used to treat high blood pressure (see the box below). These are called antihypertensive medicines.
The goal of treatment is to reduce your blood pressure to normal levels with medicine that’s easy to take and has few, if any, side effects. This goal can almost always be met.
If your blood pressure can only be controlled with medicine, you’ll need to take the medicine for the rest of your life. You may need to take more than one medicine to help control your blood pressure. Don’t stop taking the medicine without talking with your family doctor or you may increase your risk of having a stroke or heart attack.
Types of antihypertensive drugs
- Diuretics: These drugs help your body get rid of extra sodium and fluid so that your blood vessels don’t have to hold so much fluid.
- Beta-blockers: These drugs block the effects of adrenaline.
- Alpha-blockers: These drugs help your blood vessels stay open.
- ACE inhibitors: These drugs prevent your blood vessels from constricting by reducing how much angiotensin II your body makes. Angiotensin II is a chemical that constricts blood vessels (makes them more narrow).
- ARBs: These drugs work by blocking the effect of angiotensin II on cells
- Calcium channel blockers: These drugs help prevent your blood vessels from constricting by blocking calcium from entering your cells.
- Combinations: These drugs combine two medicines, like an ACE inhibitor or a beta-blocker plus a diuretic.
- Tonification therapy:
- Garlic is very good for this condition. Eat an entire crushed clove (with honey) once or twice a week.
- Take nutmeg or saraswat powder in warm milk.
- Ashwagandha preparations.
- Herbal Combination
- Ashwagandha – 1 part
- Valerian – 1 part
- Gotu kola – 1 part
Mix well and take 1-3 grams of the powdered herbs with warm water or with ghee.
Avoid dairy, butter, eggs and high fat foods.
Incorporate plenty of hot spices in the diet, particularly mustard and onions.
- Herbs: Cayenne, myrrh, garlic, motherwort and hawthorn berries. Avoid licorice.
- Herbal Combinations
Herbs: aloe gel, barberry and katuka. In stronger cases, purgation may be prescribed with bitter herbs such as aloe, rhubarb root or senna. Gotu kola is another useful herb for Pitta hypertension. It calms the nerves and relieve heat and stress.